Congestive Heart Failure Therapy

The goal of heart failure therapy is to lessen the effect of heart failure symptoms and to keep people with the condition out of the hospital. Heart failure caused by valve disease, toxins such as drugs used in chemotherapy, or congenital heart defects is often reversible. People with heart failure caused by permanently damaged or weakened heart muscle, however, require long-term lifestyle modification and medication. Heart failure therapy requires lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, quitting smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and reducing salt and fluid in the diet. These changes can improve the heart’s ability to function and may help people with weakened hearts feel stronger. Additionally, most people will need to take medications to manage the symptoms of living with a weakened heart for the rest of their lives. Physicians recommend that people take their medications at the same time each day and keep a record that includes the name of the medication, the dosage, the number of times per day the medication is taken, and the symptom or condition the medication is intended to treat.