Pacemaker Implantation and Monitoring

If heart muscle cells are damaged such that electrical rhythms to the heart are interrupted, delayed, or sent down the wrong path, the heartbeat may become irregular, too fast, or too slow. The patient may require a pacemaker, a device to restore a normal heartbeat. Most pacemakers are installed to counteract problems with either failure of cardiac impulse formation or failure of the atrioventricular node (A-V node) conduction. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis and rarely causes complications. Once the pacemaker is fully adjusted, the person should be able to carry out all the functions of normal daily life, with the pacemaker automatically adapting to various circulation and heartbeat needs.